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Did you know reindeer…
...have specialized noses featuring special bones that dramatically increase the surface area within the nostrils? Incoming cold air is warmed by the animal's body heat before entering the lungs, and water is condensed from the expired air and captured before the reindeer's breath is exhaled, and is used to moisten dry incoming air.
....are ruminants, having a four-chambered stomach? They mainly eat lichens in winter, especially reindeer moss. However, they also eat the leaves of willows and birches, as well as sedges and grasses. There is some evidence to suggest that on occasion they will also feed on lemmings, arctic char, and bird eggs.
...travel the furthest of any terrestrial mammal? The reindeer of North America can run at speeds up to 50 mph and can travel as much as 3,100 miles a year. Migrations can number in the thousands. The most extensive migrations occur in spring and fall. During fall migrations, the groups become smaller and the reindeer begin to mate. During the winter, reindeer travel to forested areas to forage under the snow.
Where in the World?
Arctic & Subarctic North America, Europe & Asia
Where at the Zoo?
On exhibit as an exclusive part of Wild Wonderland festivities