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Safari Africa Animal Fact Sheet
STEENBOK
Raphicerus campestris

Range:
Southern and Eastern Africa.

Steenbok are typically solitary, except for when a pair come together to mate. However, it has been suggested that pairs occupy consistent territories while living independently, staying in contact through scent markings, so that they know where their mate is most of the time. Scent marking is primarily through dung middens. Territories range from 4 hectares to one square kilometer. The male is aggressive during the female's estrus, engaging in "bluff-and-bluster" type displays with rival males-prolonged contests invariably involve well-matched individuals, usually in their prime.




Habitat: They can use a variety of habitats from (semi-)desert to open woodland and thickets, including open plains and stony savannah.
Diet: Low-level vegetation, but are also adept at scraping up roots and tubers. They will also take fruits and seasonally graze on grass. They are almost entirely independent of drinking water, gaining the moisture they need from their food.
Status: Least Concern (IUCN)
Approximate Dimensions of Adult:

Weight: up to 35lbs.
Height: Nearly two feet at the shoulder

Lifespan: Average of 7 years.
Reproduction & Offspring: Gestation: approximately 170 days.

 

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