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Safari Africa Animal Fact Sheet
NYALA
Tragelaphus angasii

Range:
Southeastern Africa.

Nyala are a sexually dimorphic species.  This means that males and females look quite different from one another.  The male nyala is larger than the female, and has a shaggy, dark-brown coat that ranges into gray, sometimes with hints of blue, as the animal ages.  Females have a much more reddish-coloured and shorter coat, with bold white stripes.  The coat of the male also has stripes, but they are much fainter than those of the females and are sometimes obscured by its shaggy fur.  The male has long, spiralled horns and a long fringe on the under-parts, while females do not have horns or fringe.  

Nyala live in groups of anywhere from 2 – 30 individuals.  Old males tend to be solitary.  They are most active during the early morning and late afternoon hours, taking shelter in the shade during the hottest parts of the day.  Their main wild predators are leopards, lions, and painted hunting dogs.

In the past, Nyala disappeared from much of their range due to habitat loss caused by farming, over-grazing by cattle, hunting by humans, and rinderpest infection.  However, effective habitat protections, species management, and re-introductions of nyala to areas where they had been wiped out have helped the nyala to bounce back.  As a result, the International Union for Conservation of Nature have listed the nyala as a species of Least Concern.





Habitat: Dense thickets, forest, and open-thicket woodlands.
Diet: Leaves and other native vegetation.
Status: Least Concern (IUCN).
Approximate Dimensions of Adult:

Weight: 121-308 lbs.
Height: 2.6-4 feet at the shoulder.

Lifespan: Up to 16 years.
Reproduction & Offspring: 7 month gestation period. Mothers will leave their newborn hidden away for the first couple of weeks and return to clean and nurse them.

 

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