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Safari Africa Animal Fact Sheet
HARTMANN'S MOUNTAIN ZEBRA
Equus zebra hartmannae

Range:
Scattered range in the Namib desert and small scattered ranges in South Africa.
Hartmann's mountain zebras are the largest of the mountain zebras. They look whiter than the Cape mountain zebras because their black stripes are narrower and more widely spaced.

There are two kinds of mountain zebra. They are the Hartmann's mountain zebra and the Cape mountain zebra. Taxonomists placed them in the subspecies group because the original mountain zebras may have changed morphologically through geographic isolation. The Hartmann's mountain zebra is an endangered wild equid living in a harsh yet fragile environment. This subspecies is differentiated from it's close relative, the Cape mountain zebra because of it's body size, ears and stripes. This mountain zebra is named after Dr. George Hartmann, a geographer, explorer, colonial politician and Major of the German land resistance. Hartmann is said to have named this zebra after his wife whose maiden name was Anna Woermann daughter of a ship-owner in Hamburg Germany.

The most characteristic and interesting feature of both mountain zebra subspecies is a square flap of skin on the throat just below the head. This flap of skin, or dewlap, is larger on the males.




Habitat: Desert near granite river ravines.
Diet: Grasses, bark and leaves.
Status: Vulnerable (IUCN)
Approximate Dimensions of Adult:

Odd-toed ungulate (hoofed)
Height: 5 ft. at shoulders
Weight: 660 lbs.

Lifespan: 25-30 years
Offspring: Foals weigh approximately 55 pounds at birth. The foals' white stripes are more brown in color than white. As a foal matures the stripes become white. Foals nurse for as long as 7 months. They are capable of grazing when they are 2 weeks old. Like many zebras the foal can stand on its feet within an hour after its birth and can run with the herd after a few hours. This adaptation gives zebra foals a much better chance of escaping from predators. Both male and female Hartmann's mountain zebras sexually mature after two years.

 

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