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Safari Africa Animal Fact Sheet
Pelecanus onocrotalus


Eastern Europe to Western Mongolia; Sub-Saharan Africa

Great white pelicans live, breed, migrate, feed, and fly in formation as part of a large colony.   To feed, the pelican scoops up fish in the skin pouch below the bill; then it tilts up its bill and swallows the fish whole.  They are excellent swimmers.  To defend its territory, a male will threaten intruders by clapping its bill and bowing.  They will also attack with their bill.
Habitat: Freshwater lakes, deltas, marshes or swamps
Diet: Fish and some crustaceans
Status: Least Concern (IUCN)
No species of pelicans are currently endangered.
Approximate Dimensions of Adult: Males are about 70 inches long and weigh 20-33 pounds; females are about 60 inches long and weigh 11-20 pounds.
Reproduction & Offspring: Pelicans usually nest in colonies.  The nest, a pile of sticks or little more than bare rock, is on the ground.  The eggs have an incubation period of 29-36 days.  The young are able to fly in 65-75 days.



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