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Safari Africa Animal Fact Sheet
COMMON ELAND
Taurotragus oryx

Range:
Eastern and Southern Africa

The common eland is the largest African bovid. It can jump about 10 feet but can only run 25 mph, making it the slowest antelope. When walking, the common eland’s foreleg joints make a clicking sound. The sound can be heard up to a mile away and is a good indication of an approaching herd of anywhere from 25 – 70 individuals. Scientists are unsure as to why this occurs, but believe it may be a form of communication. Elands have 3 social groups: males and females remain in separate groups except during the mating season. Once a calf is born, it will join a nursery group for 2 years before joining the correct group based on gender.

Habitat: Savannah and plains.
Diet: Grass, branches, fruit and leaves.
Status: Least concern (IUCN).
Approximate Dimensions of Adult:

Length: 4.5 - 6 feet                     
Weight: Male: 8800–2200 lb. 
Female: 300-600 lb.

Lifespan: 15-25 years
Reproduction & Offspring: Gestation: 8-9 months; one offspring is born at a time

 

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