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Safari Africa Animal Fact Sheet
BLACK DUIKER
Cephalophus niger

Range:
West Africa, the coastal countries of Guinea through Nigeria (through Sierra Leone to the Niger River)

The Black Duiker has many of the same traits as other Duikers; however, their main quality that distinguishes them is their color: black.

They have a soft black coat while their underbellies are a lighter black. Although the top of the tail is dark, the flip side is white. The majority of the body is black except for the head: the neck is mostly gray, the face is made up of a reddish color, and they have a red tuft of hair on the forehead. Like other Duikers, they have horns that angle back from the forehead. Their horns range from 7-9cm (males) and 2-3cm (females).

Most Duikers are nocturnal, but the Black Duiker tends to be more active around dawn and dusk. However, not preferring to be around humans, a lot of human activity will change their sleeping habits and they will become more of a nocturnal species. There is debate as to whether the Duiker is diurnal or nocturnal.

One of the most interesting features about the Black Duiker is its legs. The Black Duiker’s back legs or hind legs are longer than its front legs. The Duiker also has an arched back which causes the Black Duiker to bounce when it walks.

Habitat: They like secondary forest and farm bush, dense thickets, and resting in between buttress roots of large trees. Black Duikers usually make their home in dense, lowland rainforests or shrublands and have been observed in farmland.
Diet: fruit, vegetation, and seeds. They also eat leaves, shoots, roots, fungi, small birds, rodents, and insects.
Status: Least Concern (IUCN)
Approximate Dimensions of Adult:

Length: 90-100cm (head and body); 9-4cm (tail length); 45-50cm (shoulder height)
Weight: 17-26kg

Lifespan: 10-15 years in captivity.
Reproduction & Offspring: The Black Duiker does not have a breeding season; they breed year round. Gestation period (fetal production) last for about 7 months.

 

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