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Florida Boardwalk Animal Fact Sheet
GREEN & BLACK POISON DART FROG
Dendrobates auratus

Range:
Central and South America, from Nicaragua and Costa Rica to south-eastern Brazil and Bolivia. They also thrive in Hawaii. The green & black poison dart frog, while not the most toxic poison dart frog, is still a highly toxic animal. The very small amount of poison the frog possesses is still enough to make a human ill. Like most poison dart frogs it will only release its poison if it feels that it is threatened, and wild specimens can be handled if the human holding it is calm and relaxed. The green & black poison dart frog, as with all poison dart frogs, loses its toxicity in captivity due to a change in diet.
Habitat: The rain forest floor, living near small streams or pools where their tadpoles can grow.
Diet:

Small spiders and insects.

Status: Least Concern (IUCN)
Approximate Dimensions of Adult:

Weight: Less than an ounce.

Length: About 4 cm.
Lifespan: Unknown, although 10 - 15 years in captivity.
Reproduction & Offspring:

Male frogs fight among themselves to establish territories, and these remain fixed for the mating season. Each male then attracts a female with trilling sounds. Frogs rub against each other as part of the mating ritual. Mating season takes place throughout the rainy season, from mid-July through mid-September. Females lay up to six eggs in a small pool. After they fertilize the eggs, males check on them for two weeks until they hatch. The tadpoles climb onto the male’s back and are attached by a sticky mucous to prevent them falling off. The male then carries them to a lake or stream for further development. Tadpoles are then on their own for the six weeks required for them to become adult frogs.


 

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