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Florida Boardwalk Animal Fact Sheet
COQUI
Eleutherodactylus

Range:
Native to Puerto Rico, but also found in southeastern US, and the Carribean. The coqui, native to Puerto Rico, is a small light-brown to dark-colored frog with variable patterns including a light stripe down the middle of its back. Coquis have a high-pitched sound which can be heard from far away.
Habitat: A variety, including forests, gardens, greenhouses, and under rocks and logs. Most spend their nights in the forest canopy and retreat to shelter on the ground at dawn.
Diet: Insect pests such as leaf hoppers, mosquitoes, tree borers, centipedes, termites, and mostly anything smaller than themselves, other frogs included. Their consumption of insect pests makes them a benefit to the environment, as well as agriculture and human health.
Status: Coqui do not have natural enemies in Hawaii to keep the population controlled. The warm tropical weather likely promotes breeding all year long. In some areas, populations may exceed 10,000 frogs per acre, which will consume more than 50,000 insects a night. As such, coqui may endanger native Hawaiian insect populations, and compete with Hawaii's native birds. The coqui llanero located in Puerto Rico is considered to be endangered however.
Approximate Dimensions of Adult:

Weight: Around 2 ounces.

Length: Ranges between 15mm-80mm.
Lifespan: Most don’t live longer than one year, although 6 year old coquis have been found in some areas before.
Reproduction & Offspring:

Coquis reproduce year-round in Puerto Rico, however breeding is concentrated in the wet season. This species utilizes internal fertilization and the fertilized eggs undergo direct development, rather than passing through the free-living larval (tadpole) stage, This means the parents don't need to lay their eggs on water, as it happens with other amphibians. The "tadpole" stage occurs entirely within a terrestrial egg, rather than as a free-living larval stage, and adult features form directly, sometimes bypassing the stages normally present in tadpole ontogeny. Therefore a tiny but fully functional froglet hatches directly from the egg. Coquis deposit 4-6 clutches of about 28 eggs each (range 16-41) per year, with the development period being around 17-26 days. Males guard the eggs to keep them from drying out and remain in the nest for a few days after they emerge.


 

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