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Florida Boardwalk Animal Fact Sheet
Bufo marinus, Rhinella marina

Native to Central America and South America, the cane toad was brought to Queensland, Australia, in the 1930s in an unsuccessful attempt to reduce destructive beetle populations. The Cane Toad is a large, venomous toad with dry skin. Their numbers are manageable in their natural range, but they have thrived in Australia because there are few natural predators, they breed easily, and they have abundant food, including pet food, which they steal from feeding bowls left outside of homes.
Habitat: The Cane Toads original habitat before its dispersal by humans was subtropical forests near fresh water. They can now be found in many places such as manmade ponds, gardens, drain pipes, debris, under cement piles, and junk beneath houses. Cane Toads will usually stay on dry land.
Diet: Cane Toads normally prey on insects and will eat any animal that they can ingest. Cane Toads eat almost anything such as small lizards, frogs, birds, fish, mice, bees, worms, dung beetles, scarab beetles and even younger Cane Toads. They are also known to steal food from dogs and cats from food dishes that are left outside.
Status: Least Concern (IUCN)
Approximate Dimensions of Adult:

Weight: Up to 1.8kg. (4 lbs.).

Length: 15-23 cm. (4-9 in.)
Lifespan: 10 to 40 years.
Reproduction & Offspring:

Cane Toads breed between the months of April and September in the Northern Hemisphere. They can be heard as they call their mates beginning in late March. Every year each female Cane Toad produce two clutches of about 8,000 to 35,000 eggs. The eggs are externally fertilized by the male's sperm. These eggs can be found floating on the surface of water in a jelly-like string or also wrapped around vegetation and other debris in the water. Age and size of the female will determine how many eggs the toad will produce. Within (1-3 days) the eggs will hatch to form tadpoles. Approximately only 0.5 percent of the Cane Toads survive to maturity, which takes a year.


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