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Birds of Prey Animal Fact Sheet
Buteo jamaicensis

One of the most common birds of prey in North America, in summer goes as far north as Canada

Usually dark brown back with pale mottling and cream/beige chest with some dark bands on lower belly. Color varies depending on region. Adult tail is rusty red with black band along the bottom; juveniles have a gray-brown tail with dark bars.

Frequently heard call, very majestic; often dubbed in for eagles and vultures during movies. Seen roosting on telephone poles and fences until ready to eat; Hunts for prey, very aggressive during hunt, known as "brutes" when hunting. Predators are other birds of prey, canines, felines.

Habitat: Woods, plains, prairie
Diet: Mainly eats rodents (mice, rats, rabbits), will take reptiles and other birds
Status: Least Concern (IUCN)
Approximate Dimensions of Adult: Large broad-winged, short tailed hawk weighing about 3-4 lbs.
Lifespan: Up to 20 years in the wild.
Reproduction & Offspring: Solitary nester, builds large solid nest up to 75 feet above ground in a tree or on a cliff with a small cup in center lined with fine green shoots; 1-4 whitish eggs are incubated for 27-33 days and stay in nest for about 5 weeks after hatching


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