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Birds of Prey Animal Fact Sheet
RED SHOULDERED HAWK
Buteo lineatus

Range:
Abundant in the eastern half of the United States, also found along the coast of California and down into Central America

Barred rusty underparts, reddish wing linings and shoulders, flight feathers are spotted and barred black and white, and tail feathers are also barred black and white. Male is larger than female.

Stalks prey from perch often perches low to hunt on posts, utility poles, and low to mid level in trees. Song is an evenly spaced series of clear high loud and often rapidly repeated kee-ah or clee-u clee-u clee-u notes. Blue jays can mimic the call perfectly. Predators are other birds of prey, felines, raccoons, etc.


Habitat: These birds will use the same territory for years and succeeding generations may return to the same territory (longest recorded use 45 years!), prefers wet woodlands near water and swamps
Diet: Catches and eats medium sized mammals, small reptiles, amphibians, large insects, spiders, earthworms, snails, and small birds
Status: Least Concern (IUCN)
Approximate Dimensions of Adult: Medium sized hawk weighing approximately 1-1.5 lbs and averaging 17-24 inches in height with a wingspan of 32-50 inches.
Lifespan: Up to 20 years in captivity.
Reproduction & Offspring: Monogamous, solitary nester; eggs are incubated for 28 days by both sexes, fed by both sexes once hatched, fledge with 35-45 days; 1 brood per year

 

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