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Birds of Prey Animal Fact Sheet
Falco sparverius

American Kestrels are widely distributed throughout the New World. Most falcons seize their prey in flight, but kestrels often hover and scan the ground for food. In the summer, Kestrels feed on insects which they catch on the ground or in the air. In the winter, mainly their diet consists of birds and mammals.

Fun Fact:
Kestrels have great vision. This allows them to locate prey from long distances.
Habitat: American Kestrels are found in a variety of habitats including parks, suburbs, opened fields, forest edges, alpine zones, and deserts.
Diet: Feeds on a wide variety of small vertebrates and invertebrates, including insects, arachnids, crayfish, mammals, amphibians, reptiles, birds and fish.
Status: Least Concern (IUCN)
Approximate Dimensions of Adult: 9-12 inches long.
Lifespan: The average lifespan in the wild is 12 months. The average lifespan in captivity is 5 years, though many have been known to live about 9-11 years.
Reproduction & Offspring: A cavity nester, kestrels will use holes in trees, artificial nest boxes or small spaces in buildings for nesting. Both males and females incubate the eggs which hatch about 30 days after being laid. Three to five young are often hatched. Eggs are white or pinkish, heavily blotched with brown. The young leave the nest 30-31 days after hatching.


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