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Free-Flight Aviaries Animal Fact Sheet
Ramphastos toco

Venezuela south to Brazil to N.W. Argentina Largest of all toucan species, males and females are similar in color, but females slightly smaller. The body is glossy black with white extending from ear coves around to the throat and upper breast. The tail is white and red. Yellow and orange/ red tinge the breast.

Toucans are not good fliers, but have powerful legs for hopping. They spend most of their time in the high treetops and build their nests in tree holes. Sleeping toucans lay their beak across their back in a protective posture.

Habitat: Woodland forests and coconut and palm plantations
Diet: Fruits and berries
Status: Least Concern (IUCN)
Approximate Dimensions of Adult: Length: 24 inches
Lifespan: Up to 20 years.
Reproduction & Offspring: 3-4 eggs laid in a hollowed out tree cavity. Male and female share incubation duties. When the chicks hatch, skin is bare, having no down.


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