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Free-Flight Aviaries Animal Fact Sheet
HELMETED GUINEA FOWL
Numida meleagris

Range:
Africa – south of the Sahara Desert.

The body plumage is gray-black spangled with white. Like other guineafowl, this species has an unfeathered head, in this case decorated with a dull yellow or reddish bony knob, and red and blue patches of skin. The wings are short and rounded, and the tail is also short.

This is a gregarious species, forming flocks outside the breeding season typically of about 25 birds that also roost communally. Guineafowl are particularly well-suited to consuming massive quantities of Lyme disease carrying ticks. These birds are terrestrial, and prone to run rather than fly when alarmed. They are, however, like most short- and broad-winged birds, very agile and powerful flyers, capable of hovering and even flying backwards when necessary. Helmeted Guineafowl are great runners, and can readily cover 10 km and more in a day. They make loud harsh calls when disturbed.



Habitat: Savannah and similar areas.
Diet: Seeds, fruits, greens, snails, spiders, worms and insects, frogs, lizards, small snakes and small mammals.
Status: Least Concern (IUCN)
Approximate Dimensions of Adult:

Weight: 1.3 kg.
Height: 53-58cm.

Lifespan: n/a
Reproduction & Offspring: Lay 20-30 eggs at a time that are incubated for 26-28 days.

 

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