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Free-Flight Aviaries Animal Fact Sheet
GREAT INDIAN HORNBILL
Buceros bicornis

Range:
India, Western Ghats of India, Southwestern China, Thailand, Bangladesh, Sumatra, Malaysia, Mainland Southeast Asia Black with patches of white on the neck, abdomen, wings and tail. Gland oil provides a yellow stain for the bill and some white areas. Nests are built in tree cavities that the female is sealed into. The female relies solely on the male for food during this time. Hornbills are monogamous. The males iris is deep red with the skin surrounding the eye black which is different from the female. The females have a pearly white iris and pink skin surrounding the eye.

Hunted for food, medicine, and feathers for native headdresses, deforestation limiting nesting areas and foraging sites. Lowry Park Zoo collects fallen feathers from our captive Hornbills and send them to an organization who then sends to natives for headdresses.

Habitat: Forests and woodlands.
Diet: Fruit, insects, small mammals
Status: Near threatened (IUCN)
Approximate Dimensions of Adult: The male Great Indian hornbill has a total length (from tip of the bill to the tip of the tail) of about 130 cm, the female is slightly smaller.
Lifespan: 35-50 years.
Reproduction & Offspring: Females seal themselves into a tree hollow for four months, relying on the male hornbill to bring food while she incubates the eggs.  A small slit in the nest is created for the female’s waste to keep the nest clean during incubation.

 

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