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Asian Gardens Animal Fact Sheet
BABIRUSA
Babyrousa babyrussal

Range:
Sulawesi, Togian, Sulu and Buru Islands (Indonesia)
The skin can be rough or smooth, brownish gray in color, and sparsely covered with white or yellowish bristles. The upper canine teeth grow through the muzzle curving backwards toward the head and in some males can be 12 inches long. The upper tusks are used defensively in combat while the lower tusks are used offensively in combat.

The senses of smell and hearing are well developed. Babirusa are highly vocal and communicate incessantly with squeaks, chirrups, and grunts. The social units consist of solitary boars, bachelor groups, or matriarchal groups of adult sows with their young. Babirusa are swift runners and good swimmers and they often swim in the sea to nearby islands to find food and mates.

The Indonesians thought their tusks resembled the antlers of a deer hence the name babirusa, which means "pig deer."

Habitat: Tropical forests
Diet: Fruits and grasses
Status: Vulnerable (IUCN)
Approximate Dimensions of Adult: Length: 2.5 -3.5 feet
Shoulder height: 2 - 2.5 feet
Tail length: 10 - 12 inches
Weight: 200 pounds
Lifespan: 10 years
Reproduction & Offspring: Gestation: 135 - 150 days. Offspring: 2. Piglets are born in a grass nest constructed by the mother and weigh 1 - 2 pounds each; each piglet has its own teat from which it nurses; weaning occurs three months later but young pigs may remain with their mother until she gives birth again.

 

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