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Florida Manatee & Aquatic Center Animal Fact Sheet
PIGFISH (RED PIGFISH)
Bodianus unimaculatus

Range:
Southwestern Pacific. Eastern Australia, New Zealand, Kermadec Islands, Lord Howe Island, and Norfolk Island.

All Pigfish are born female; however, as they mature, the more dominant fish become males.

Pigfish are born with thin stripes on the sides of their bodies and red lines on their heads. As they mature, these lines disappear. However, depending on whether they will become male or female effects their appearance: Male Pigfish will go from a pinkish color to red, and the dorsal fin area will whiten. They also have a black blotch on the spines of the dorsal fin. Whereas, the female is primarily made up of a pinkish red color.
This species of fish is very territorial; therefore, two male Pigfish will never be observed in one area.

The Red Pigfish is also referred to as the Banded pig-fish, Black-spot pigfish, Eastern blackspot pigfish, etc. Red Pigfish is part of the Labridae family.




Habitat: Typically found along rocky coasts, around offshore islands in reefs.
Diet: Carnivores: feed on mollusks, crustaceans, small fish, crabs, amphipods, brittlestars, and small sea urchins.
Status: Least Concern
Approximate Dimensions of Adult: Length: 45 cm
Lifespan: Unknown in the wild.
Reproduction & Offspring:

The Pigfish spawning season takes place from July-September.


 

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