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Florida Manatee & Aquatic Center Animal Fact Sheet
FRENCH GRUNT
Haemulon flavolineatum

Range:
Western Atlantic from Bermuda, South Carolina (USA), northern Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean, and Brazil.

The French Grunt is also referred to as the banana grunt, gold laced grunt, open-mouthed grunt, redmouth grunt, dogfish, and the yellow grunt.
The French Grunt is described as having a compressed body and blunt head, a small mouth and thick lips, and long pectoral fins. The body of this fish is white but can look more bluish. The majority of the fish’s body is covered with bright yellow and orange stripes. The French Grunt also has yellow spots on the bottom of the head. The rest of the fish is made up of yellow fins, a white ventral surface, and a red mouth (inside).
Like many other species. This fish gets its name from a behavior: the French Grunt so named for the grunting noises produced when the fish grinds or rubs its flat teeth plates together; a sound amplified by their air bladders.




Habitat: Rocky substrate and coral reefs, under ledges or close to elkhorn coral; juveniles like coastal waters nearshore seagrass beds in bays and lagoons.. The French Grunt is usually observed in large schools ranging to the thousands. The French Grunt fish is nocturnal looking for sand flats and seagrass beds close to coral reefs at night.
Diet: Carnivores: they feed on small crustaceans, polychaetes, and mollusks.
Status: Not evaluated
Approximate Dimensions of Adult: Length: 11 inches
Lifespan: Up to 8 years
Reproduction & Offspring:

The Grunt produces pelagic eggs. The larval stage occurs over 15 days. Their larvae enter the planktonic stage before settling in at the shallow back reefs or sea-grass beds, referred to as a nursery area. When they reach maturity, they move to the reefs and join the adult Grunts.


 

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