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Florida Manatee & Aquatic Center Animal Fact Sheet
CONVICT CICHLID
Amatitlania nigrofasciata

Range:
Central America from Guatemala to Costa Rica and from Honduras to Panama

The Convict is also known as the zebra cichlids because of their stripes.
The Convict varies in color and structure. The male Convict is a bluish gray and has 8-10 black vertical stripes along the body. The male Convict maintains a grayish body and has black stripes. The male has a larger body than the female. They have pointed ventral, dorsal, and anal fins. The female convict have bright colorful bodies and intense black stripes, while the male’s stripes are somewhat dulled. The female has pinkish orange ventral and dorsal fins. However, there are several different versions of the Convict fish. There are many differences between the males and females; some of the Convict fish are pink and some are white.They are referred to as the rabbits of Central America because of their breeding habits. The Convict Cichlid is one of the most aggressive fish.




Habitat: Lakes and streams of Central America. Thrive in moving water. Prefer habitats with covers under rocks or branches. Will never be found in open water.
Diet: Omnivores: Crustaceans, insects, small fish, worms, plants, algae.
Status: Not Evaluated
Approximate Dimensions of Adult: Length: 3-4 in
Weight: 2-4 lbs
Lifespan: Up to 10 years
Reproduction & Offspring:

The Convict has no documented spawning period; they are constantly mating. Usually, about 100-500 eggs will be made available for fertilization. The male and female work together to protect their nest and territory. After hatching in 3-4 days, the Convict pair will remain protective and keep their spawn in the pit they create for their offspring.


 

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